University research initiative aims to tackle age-related disease

April 20, 2021

A new transdisciplinary faculty research cluster in Inflamm-Aging and Brain Aging will be the focus of a $15 million investment in a three-year recruitment effort to grow Augusta University’s research footprint, announced Augusta University President Brooks A. Keel, PhD in his annual State of the University Address.

Beginning in Fiscal Year 2022, the university will initiate cluster recruitment for two research faculty positions within the Medical College of Georgia and one research faculty position within the schools of Computer and Cyber Sciences, The Dental College of Georgia, and the colleges of Nursing, Allied Health Sciences, and Science and Mathematics. That number is expected to grow in years two and three with the anticipated recruitment of two additional faculty positions within MCG and one additional position in the other participating colleges each year.

As the university seeks to be a top-60 National Institutes of Health-funded institution by 2030, priority recruitment targets will include individuals with NIH R01 or equivalent status, a mechanism used by NIH for health-related research and development. The university intends to use mechanisms such as endowments to recruit productive and accomplished research faculty nationally.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, all baby boomers will be older than age 65 by the year 2030, expanding the older population so that one in every five residents will be retirement age and outnumbering children for the first time in U.S. history. While the World Health Organization estimates that improved life expectancy will lead many adults to live to age 85 and older, there is little evidence to suggest that older people today are experiencing their later years in better health than their parents. Serious diseases like hypertension, cardiovascular disease and diabetes remain a chief cause of death in aging populations and are often associated with age-related inflammation.

Dr. Babak Baban, immunologist and associate dean for research in the Dental College of Georgia, and Dr. Mark Hamrick, bone and muscle biologist and senior associate dean for research in the Medical College of Georgia, will serve as co-leads on the recruitment steering committee.

A new branch of aging-related research associated with aging diseases like Alzheimer’s disease, atherosclerosis, heart disease, type II diabetes and cancer – Inflamm-Aging explores the underlying mechanisms by which these diseases develop and affect pathological changes. The main feature of the aging process is chronic and progressive inflammation, which is a significant risk factor in morbidity and mortality. While most age-related diseases include inflammation, its potential cause and role in adverse health outcomes in still widely unknown.

“Finding ways to manage and reduce inflammation could provide remarkable insight into how we approach and prevent age-related disease,” said Senior Vice President for Research Dr. Michael Diamond. “As our population continues to age, coupled with lifestyle factors like exercise and diet, this research will be pivotal to creating health and not simply treating disease.”

Another related field, Brain Aging, is associated with a similar set of diseases and includes specific aspects of inflammation within the brain and how that affects cognitive activities and disease progression. With MCG’s already existing research expertise in neurogenerative and neuropsychiatric disorders, brain injury, and learning and memory disorders, growth specific to Brain Aging will allow for a more focused effort related to neuroscience and regenerative medicine research.

Associated faculty will be located on the fourth floor of the university’s new College of Science and Mathematics building on the Health Sciences Campus and other places on campus where collaboration is possible; however, university officials anticipate the need for an additional research building to accommodate the expected growth in funded research.

August University Jagwire has the release.