Study of healthcare CIOs identifies drivers and barriers to digital transformation

Aug. 8, 2019

Research into The Current State of Healthcare Digital Transformation, by Damo Consulting, a healthcare growth and digital transformation advisory firm, finds that healthcare’s digital transformation is still in the early stages of maturity relative to other sectors, yet CIOs understand the imperative to drive digitalization.

These findings were revealed in focus group discussions with nearly 40 CIOs and senior health IT leaders who are members of the College of Health Information Management Executives (CHIME).

“In my discussions with health system CIOs, what emerged is that not only are most health systems in the early stages of adoption, but there is no clear
consensus on what digital transformation looks like or how to achieve it,” said Paddy Padmanabhan, CEO, Damo Consulting in the company release. “Most health systems consider their EHR system as their digital strategy or are developing standalone solutions on an as-needed basis, without a long-term digital strategy in mind.”

When asked to define digital transformation in healthcare 60 percent of respondents said it is about using digital technologies to reimagine business processes and customer experiences, while others stated that it means delivering healthcare when, where and how consumers want it; or using data, analytics and AI to improve outcomes. Today, health systems fall into four key models of digital adoption:

• Model 1– Reliance on Electronic Health Record (EHR) systems to drive digital engagement

• Model 2 – Digital strategy singularly focused on virtualization of care

• Model 3 – Stand-alone digital initiatives driven by internal demand

• Model 4 – Strategic investments in long-term digital health platforms

Most health systems, especially smaller and mid-tier enterprises, operate in Models 1 and 2 and only the nation’s largest health systems are operating in Model 4. The majority of CIOs in the focus group, however, acknowledge that all enterprises need to shift to Model 4.

While adoption of digital transformation is slow and a clearly defined strategy is unclear, most CIOs recognize the valuable role it can play. Key trends driving its adoption include Increasing competition and reduced reimbursements, along with the focus on patient experience and improving access to care for patients.

Health system CIOs in the focus group who are developing patient engagement applications expressed that they are actively looking at monetizing the capabilities by offering them to peer systems that are yet to make the investments. According to one CIO, “I think any digital transformation strategy has to have an affordability component because reimbursement rates are going down and we have to work smarter.”

The majority (36 percent) of the CIOs in the focus group indicated that their organizations do not have a digital function, and by default, the digital function sits with the CIO.

 According to Padmanabhan, “It also comes down to whether health systems can afford to have another senior executive in a CDO role, given the current state of digital maturity and the lack of interest in creating even more C-level roles. Our focus group of CIOs believe most health systems are not large enough for two separate roles. This is in sharp contrast to other sectors such as banking, that have had full-time CDO roles for a while.”

Forty-six percent of the CIOs say that their enterprise digital strategy is their EHR system, closely followed by those that build or buy point solutions based on need (45 percent). Less than nine percent are implementing an enterprise platform in partnership with a major technology firm. “Based on these figures, it becomes clear that there is no single vendor platform that meets all needs and today, health systems must build their own stacks,” added Padmanabhan.

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